Vaccinations for your Brazil Tour
The most important part of this is to recommend that you always visit your local travel clinic or doctor in order to obtain the most up to date advice. All medical facilities should receive the latest information on any vaccines and epidemics relevant to your trip.
You may be advised to take a course of Malaria tablets, and possibly the Hepatitis A and B and Typhoid vaccines. These are the only vaccines that may be required for most of the tourist destinations in Brazil.
For Brazil, the Yellow Fever Vaccine is essential for visiting the Amazon & Pantanal regions and also much of the interior of the country, plus the certificate to prove it. Worthwhile to take a photocopy of the certificate along with you as well. This vaccination is also necessary if you have visited a Yellow Fever country within the previous 6 months. Brazil insists on travellers who have visited such countries to have had the yellow fever vaccine before entering Brazilian territory. This applies to many South American, Central American and Africa countries, as listed below. Many of these countries are listed by the World Health Organisation as holoendemic countries, where there may only be a part of the country that has risk of yellow fever. The countries of South America which share the Amazon Jungle are included in this section, but even so Brazilian Immigration should insist that you have the Yellow Fever vaccine if you have travelled there too. For example, Cusco and Machu Picchu in Peru are not Yellow Fever areas themselves, but Brazil classes the whole country as potentially a risk area so the vaccine is needed.
Countries with Yellow Fever Areas: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; Panama; Peru; Trinidad & Tobago; Chad; DR Congo; Ethiopia; Kenya; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Sudan.
Countries classed as complete Yellow Fever areas: French Guiana; Guyana; Paraguay; Suriname; Angola; Benin; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; The Gambia; Ghana, Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Ivory Coast; Liberia; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo; Uganda.
The major tropical disease worry in Brazil outside of these is probably Dengue Fever. There is no vaccine for the disease spread by a mosquito that is active in daylight. Sporadic outbreaks of dengue fever occur in the populated areas of Brazil, with regular cases also. The only protection is to apply insect repellent during the day as well as dawn and dusk.
If you are visiting places outside of the major tourist destinations during your trip to Brazil, then advice from your local travel clinic certainly is necessary. There are many tropical diseases that are confined to rural, interior and agricultural areas of Brazil only.